Biennials are plants that take an average of two years to complete their life cycles. During the first year, the plant will grow its leaves, stems, and roots. They develop shorter roots and go dormant in the winter months. After the colder season, they grow flowers, fruits, or seeds before ending their life cycle. If you’d like a plant you don’t have to replant often, biennials are a great choice, though there are fewer options for biennial plants to choose from than there are for annual or perennial plants.
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Many popular vegetables are considered biennials; however, you usually want to harvest biennial vegetables during their first season before they begin to flower. Once flowering begins, they may no longer be edible. Popular edible biennials include beets, brussel sprouts, carrots, raspberries, and celery. If your biennials flower before you’re ready to harvest them, you can always collect the seeds and plant them again.
Biennial flowers will spend their first year focusing on their roots, stems, and leaves. However, once the second season arrives, you don’t have to worry about replanting, as your biennial flowers will begin to bloom. Some common biennial flowers include myosotis, hollyhock, and foxglove. These flowers will make themselves known in your garden because they self-sow, allowing for new plants to emerge where the old ones lived.
Once biennials begin to flower, they always look beautiful; however, it’s always special when your garden can smell amazing as well. Biennials such as sweet rocket pale lavender, bright eyes phlox, and Matthiola incana are known for their unique and stronger fragrances.
Low Maintenance Biennials
The good thing about biennials is that they last a couple of seasons, meaning you don’t have to replant new plants season after season. If you’re looking for some beautiful flowers to spruce up your garden during that second season, flowers such as angelica sylvestris, arctic poppies, and foxglove are easy to care for.